Art is something that has its definition varied as we move from one place to another. India, throughout ages, is persistently known for its flowing legacy to make the world introduce with its authentic and vast culture trails. Every Indian takes pride while mentioning its beautiful heritage, each one conveying its own story. Indian Folk Art & Tribal Art takes an individual to a journey onto which they experience a trip to a different world. Indian Folk Art and Tribal Art and talking about every tribal art in general, emphasis on storytelling in itself portrayed through art and religion.
It is said that — “every art has a hidden story/message in it.” and what else would be more fun when this story is being narrated to you through different colours, patterns, symmetry, and every power that art holds in itself. Every region/area in India has its own style of art. Indian Folk Art & Tribal Art has the rural and traditional culture residing in them as the recognition of that particular area/people.
Indian Art and Artists: A heartwarming story.
Any art is well justified only because of its artist gifting its life and a tradition that will go on with generations.
India is the birthplace o a huge variety of art and artists. All the forms situated here, on the map of India has its existence all over the world now. Foreign markets & tourists urge to have these Indian Folk Art and Tribal Arts that we proudly own.
Our Indian folk art and tribal art also tell the story about tribal and rural people in the parts of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh etc, are earning their living by creating these art forms. Despite being below poverty lines, they take pride in showcasing their talents and offering a means of self-employment. At the least of their lives, they create such beautiful art to uplift and maintain Indian Art worldwide.
Art and Religion:
Art and Religion are hereby very closely related to each other and in India, both are given sheer importance. Art and Religion both provide human life purpose and need physical & an extra-ordinary mindset to understand them. Art and Religion can be used interchangeably for addressing each-other. Say, decorating utensils with glass paintings, decorating houses, even making colourful rangoli on Diwali or Warli paintings at the outdoors etc, whenever festivities knocks at the door, art has always been associated with religion.Every region/state in India has its own way to display their art form/style we will further have a glimpse of:
Indian Folk Art & Tribal Art on the Indian Map:
There are nearly 22 famous Indian folk art and tribal art forms recognised all over the globe, some of them include :
Tanjore Art- Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
The native art of Thanjavur which is also known as Tanjore Art in Tamil Nadu. Introduced firstly by the Chola Dynasty in the 16th Century. Tanjore Art/Paintings were first flourished in 1600AD distinguishing themselves with these vibrant colours and glittering gold embedded with glass beads and precious stones on delicate gesso work. Tanjore Art was primarily included Tamil & Telugu literature and paintings of Hindu Gods/Goddesses and other temple things.
Warli Paintings- Maharashtra
The Warli Art tradition has its origins from the state of Maharashtra that mainly includes geometrical shapes in order to depict life and beliefs. The painting is mainly done on the special occasions over a brown background, a white pigment used to draw the painting would generally be a mixture of rice mixed with water and gum having the most popular theme with a spiral chain of humans around one motif at the centre associated with the belief that this life is an eternal journey that has no beginning and no end.
Rajasthani Miniature Paintings- Rajasthan
The land of Rajasthan takes pride in having one of the pioneer seats for miniature paintings in India that took a hype during the Mughal rule. As its name says, miniature paintings are colourful handmade paintings that are small in size. The feature that makes it more uniquely identify is their intricate brush works. The tradition was further taken forward by the artists of Kishangarh, Bundi Jaipur, Mewar, and Marwar.
Pattachitra Art- Odhisha
Pattachitra means “a picture painted on cloth.” It is closely related to the cult of Shri Jagannath and the temple traditions in Puri, Odhisha. A fine cotton cloth is coated with gum and white stone powder made of tamarind seeds enabling the cloth to accept the paint made with natural colours. Its main ingredient is the Kaithal tree gum used as a base for different pigments by adding raw materials.
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